adjustment layer

An adjustment layer applies color and tonal adjustments to your image without permanently changing pixel values

Destructive or Non-Destructive Editing?

Take a close look at both of the following images…  

The edits are identical.

However, one is known as Destructive Editing and the other is known as Non-Destructive Editing.

What’s the difference and which one should you apply to your edits? 


Non-destructive editing allows you to make edits and after saving you’ll be able to adjust the edits at a later date.


If you use destructive editing, make a mistake (save and close the file) and then, at a later date realize the mistake… it’s too late! You’ll be unable to undo your mistake (s).

Even worse, if you applied desctructive editing on the original file (and don’t have a backup or copy of the original) then, the mistakes are permanent. 

For obvious reasons, I recommend using Adjustment Layers when editing in Photoshop.

Look at both images again.

Do you know which one is destructive and which one is non-destructive?

 HINT: the layers panel (in the images above) shows which is which.

You can access the Adjustment Layers, in Photoshop, either via the Menu or via the Adjustment Layers panel.

Menu: go to Layer > New Adjustment Layer
Adjustment Layer panel: go to Window > Adjustment

Also, you’re not limited to just one Adjustment Layer.  You can add as many as needed to fulfill your creative vision.

Plus, you can re-arrange the order of the Adjustment Layers, adjust the opacity and more to fine-tune your edit.